Helpful studies, documents and policy papers.
Electricity Costs of Energy Intensive Industries - An International Comparison
A 2015 Ecofys and Fraunhofer ISI study comparing electricity prices, network charges and privileging criteria for exempting energy-intensive companies in 10 countries showed that: “Energy-intensive, large-scale consumers from the metalworking industry and the chemical industry pay the lowest electricity prices.” Furthermore,"Aluminium and copper producers, and also electric arc furnace operators, pay no or significantly reduced taxes and levies and low network charges. For comparison, the German price without privileges would be much higher than electricity prices than in other countries."
Social Implications of Green Growth Policy from the Perspective of Energy Sector Reform and its Impact on Households, ZEW (2015)
This paper survey the current literature on how energy and carbon taxation affect households. It examines how such costs and benefits of Energieswende-style policies are distributed in society, comparing data from a broad variety of developed and emerging economies. Listing the various models and policies for each country, the paper provides charts and sources on the distributive effects of such taxes.
BDI Energiewende Navigator, Federation of German Industry (2014) - in German
This annual study on industry’s view of the Energiewende provides indicators from a survey of around 800 industrial companies regarding climate protection, costs and prices, economic viability, reliability of supply and public acceptance. Many charts and statistics.
Long-term energy price trends, DeStatis (2015) - in English
Bundling data on current price trends for a variety of energies, this report includes indices that can be used to determine price effects on various groups of end-users. These use statistics on a wide variety of energies used for production in Germany between 2000 and 2015.
DIHK: Industriestandort Deutschland – Risse im Fundament (2014) - in German
This study uses a tool called the EEG-Rechner (renewables surcharge calculator) to project when investments in renewable energies will bear fruit for the German economy. It contains many charts showing the relationship between the renewables surcharge, exemptions, power usage and power prices as these develop between 2010 and 2035. Using the EEG calculator, it is possible to vary the parameters to the effects of different scenarios over a number of years.
Renews Spezial: Erneuerbare Energien, Ein Gewinn für den Wirtschaftsstandort Deutschland, AEE (2014) - in German
Evaluating the composition of industrial power prices and factors that influence them, this paper examines how energy costs are affecting industry. It shows the effects of subsidies and taxes on power consumers and how industry is profiting from falling wholesale prices. Contains charts on jobs, investment and innovation sparked by renewable energies, the development of renewables costs and the effect of renewables on GDP and exports, and various charts on exchange prices for industrial power.
Industriestrompreise (Industrial Power Prices), BDEW (2014) - in German
A study of the wide range of power prices for industry in Germany, this is full of historical data spanning a number of years. It has many charts comparing developments of the different components of industrial power prices back to 1998, the energy intensity of different industrial sectors, price developments on power exchanges, the different tax and levy exemptions for various sectors and charts showing who pays what for the renewables surcharge.
A more competitive Energiewende: Securing Germany’s global competitiveness in a new energy world, IHS (2014) - in English
This economic analysis of the Energiewende, sponsored by the VCI German Chemicals Association, shows how high power prices relative to other countries are affecting exports and thus German industry. Considering that Germany’s economic prowess relies on exports from its manufacturing sector, this study presents evidence that the Energiewende needs reforming to keep industry from moving abroad. It argues for slowing the pace of renewables development in favor of cheaper technologies like gas for producing electricity.
Steigende EEG-Umlage: Unerwünschte Verteilungseffekte können vermindert werden, DIW (2012) - in German
Based on income data from the Federal Statistics Office, this paper from Germany’s left-leaning DIW institute shows how price rises and the renewable energy surcharge affect households to varying degrees. It has a number of charts depicting the share of power in disposable household income for different income brackets.
Comparing electricity prices for industry: An elusive task – illustrated by the German case, Agora Energiewende (2014) - English
This paper compares wholesale spot electricity prices in different EU member states and selected US power markets, assessing different industrial energy cost structures. This is especially relevant for energy-intensive industries, which are typically exempt from various supplemental price components, like grid tariffs and renewable energy levies. It also discusses the methodological difficulties in comparing industrial end-user prices in different countries, using case studies to illustrate.
VDMA Energiewende Barometer, German Engineering Association (2014) - in German
A survey of Germany’s machinery industry on their current views of the Energiewende.
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