Helpful studies, articles, policy documents and reports.
"Globalising the German Energy Transition", SWP (2012) - in English
In this short analysis, Kirsten Westphal provides an overview of the risks and opportunities of Germany's Energiewende for internatinal security. She also looks at Germany's options in diplomacy and international governance to globalise the energy transition.
"Energy Study - Reserves, Resources and Availabilty of Energy Resources", BGR (2014) - in English
The Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) 130 page report provides a wealth of data on German energy use and dependency.
"European Energy Security: Conscious Uncoupling", The Economist (2014) - in English
This Economist briefing looks at Europe's dependence on Russian gas. It finds reducing dependence is possible, but will take time, money and sustained political will.
"Ölpreisbaisse – Konsequenzen für Wirtschaft, Geopolitik und Energiewende", SWP (2015) - in German
In this short analysis, Hanns Günther Hilpert and Kirsten Westphal argue that while the sharp drop in oil prices might slow efforts to increase efficiency, the Energiewende remains crucial for securing Germany's long-term supply security.
"Erdgassubstitution durch eine forcierte Energiewende", Fraunhofer IWES (2014) - in German
This study, commissioned by the Green Party, argues that Germany could become independent from Russian gas imports if the Energiewende it it sped up the Energiewende.
"Germany's Energy Transition: a Blueprint for European Energy Security?", Heinrich Böll Foundation (2014) - in English
Lisa Schmid examines the benefits of transforming and diversifying European energy supplies and argues that a clean energy transition would be, above all, a security project.
"We need a European Energy Transition", DIE (2014) - in English
In this article, Matthias Ruchser from the German Development Institute (DIE) argues Europe's efforts at reducing dependence on Russian fossil fuels should be focussed on reducing demand instead of diversifying supplies.
"European Energy Security Strategy", European Commission (2014) - in English
In response to the crisis in Ukraine, the European Commission released its Energy Security Strategy, which aims to ensure a stable and abundant supply of energy for European citizens and the economy. Long-term measures include increasing energy efficiency and reaching the 2030 energy and climate goals, as well as diversifying supplier countries and routes.
"Peak Oil - knappe Ressourcen" and "Klimafolgen", Bundeswehr (2010, 2012) - in German
The German Armed Forces analyse the "environmental dimensions of security" in two long-term studies. The first looks at dependencies on fossil fuels, the second at the implications of climate change for national security.
"A New Climate for Peace: Taking Action on Climate and Fragility Risks", G7 Report (2015) - In English
This independent report commissioned by the G7 members analyses the effects of global warming on international security. It finds that climate change will stress the world’s economic, social, and political systems and that it will aggravate already fragile situations and may contribute to social upheaval and even violent conflict, especially in weak developing nations.