15 Oct 2018 | Julian Wettengel

Facts on the German state elections in Bavaria

Bavaria, the picture-book state with its rich green alpine landscapes, Walt Disney-inspiring Neuschwanstein Castle, Oktoberfest and champion football club FC Bayern Munich boasts the highest amount of installed capacity of solar PV, geothermal and hydro power of all federal states. In 2016, 43.3 percent of power generation came from renewables, most of it from hydro, PV and bioenergy. At the same time, Bavaria still produces almost 40 percent of its electricity from nuclear energy and will likely depend on imports after nuclear power plants are switched off by 2022. In 2015, the state government adopted the Bavarian Energy Programme with climate and energy targets for one of Germany's richest states. Voters headed to the polls on 14 October. [Updates preliminary results]

[Also read the CLEW election preview Shake-up in Bavaria's election may impact German energy policy]



Population: 13,003,252 (January 2018)
State capital: Munich
Votes in the Bundesrat: 6 out of 69

Government until 14 October 2018 vote:
Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU)
State premier: Markus Söder (CSU)
Minister for Economy, Energy and Technology: Franz Josef Pschierer (CSU)
Minister for Environment and Consumer Protection: Marcel Huber (CSU)
Minister for Food, Agriculture and Forestry: Michaela Kaniber (CSU)

State parties’ websites (in German):

CSU, SPD, Green Party, Left Party, FDP, AfD, Freie Wähler

Chart shows election results in Bavaria 2013 and 2018.

Graph of Bavaria's gross power mix 2016.

Graph shows Bavaria's development of gross power production 1990-2016.

Climate and energy targets in Bavaria

The state government’s “Bavarian Energy Programme; secure – affordable – environmentally-friendly”, decided in 2015, stipulates several energy transition targets for 2025. Primary energy consumption is to be reduced by 10 percent, compared to 2010, and renewable energy should cover 20 percent of primary energy consumption and 70 percent of power generation. The programme acknowledges that the nuclear exit and renewables expansion must not place an additional burden on the climate.

“The phase-out of nuclear energy cannot mean a return to coal as the most important source of energy. Bavaria's energy policy therefore aims to ensure that renewable energies account for as much of electricity generation as possible.” To guarantee supply security for Bavaria’s economy, “modern gas power plants and demand-oriented hydropower and biogas plants are indispensable.”

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