CLEW Guide – France awaits key climate legislation, government keeps focus on nuclear

Despite a set of fresh new decarbonisation goals published last year, starting with the progressive phaseout of fossil fuels, France seems more focused on deploying new nuclear reactors – which will likely cost more than expected – than making up for the gap between the development of its clean energy sources and those of other countries in the European Union. Whether the development pace is too slow for some or the targets not ambitious enough for others, the EU executive is keeping France under close watch. The government pledged to pursue its efforts in adapting to climate change with a series of proposals set to be adopted mid-2024. This regularly updated factsheet provides an overview of France's efforts to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. [UPDATES throughout]
Photo shows climate protesters in Paris, France. Photo by Mat Napo on Unsplash.
Photo by Mat Napo on Unsplash.

With its “CLEW Guide” series, the Clean Energy Wire newsroom and contributors from across Europe are providing journalists with a bird's-eye view of the climate-friendly transition from key countries and the bloc as a whole. You can also sign up to the weekly newsletter here to receive our "Dispatch from..." – weekly updates from Germany, France, Italy, Croatia, Poland and the EU on the need-to-know about the continent’s move to climate neutrality.



  1. Key background
  2. Major transition stories
  3. Sector overview


*** Please note: You can find a full dossier exploring Franco-German approaches to climate and energy policy and effects on the EU here.***

Key background

Graph shows France's greenhouse gas emissions by sector from 1990-2021. Graph: CLEW/Narawad.
Graph: CLEW/Narawad.

Major transition stories


Sector overview

Graph shows France's energy consumption by source 1990-2022. Graph: CLEW/Narawad.
Graph: CLEW/Narawad.






  • In a group letter, more than 100 scientists said that the French government’s proposals to end the farmers’ protests were “a step backward for the environment and health” as they underlined the importance of reconciling the needs for food of the population with the preservation of biodiverse ecosystems.
  • The French government is discussing legislation on the future of agriculture (PLOAA) by 2040 in a bid to ensure that new generations are able to adapt to climate change and to the agro-ecological transition.
  • France also expects the development of biomethane to help reduce the sector’s emissions.

Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF)

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Find an interviewee from France in the CLEW expert database. The list includes researchers, politicians, government agencies, NGOs and businesses with expertise in various areas of the transition to climate neutrality from across Europe.

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As a Berlin-based energy and climate news service, we at CLEW have an almost 10-year track record of supporting high-quality journalism on Germany’s energy transition and Europe’s move to climate neutrality. For support on your next story, get in touch with our team of journalists.

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