Russia is Germany’s most important energy resource supplier
Germany is poor in natural resources and in 2017 had to import about 70 percent of its energy consumption from abroad, the World Energy Council Germany says in its weekly info briefing. Russia is the most important source country for German raw material imports, leading in crude oil, natural gas and hard coal imports, the council says. After Russia, the most important source countries are Norway, the Netherlands and the UK, which mainly export natural gas to Germany. The US ranks fifth, mainly due to its hard coal exports to Germany.
Find background in the factsheet Germany's dependence on imported fossil fuels.