27 Oct 2023, 11:00

CLEW Guide – Germany still off track for 2030 climate targets

As Germany enters its second winter without Russian gas, it redoubles efforts to massively expand renewable energy, but also bets on liquefied natural gas (LNG) and a temporary revival of coal plants to ensure supply security. The end of nuclear power generation in 2023 has marked a milestone in Germany’s famed “Energiewende." Now, the country’s government, businesses and citizens have many more hurdles to clear to transform Europe’s biggest economy. This regularly updated factsheet provides an overview of how far Germany has come in its move to climate neutrality by 2045.
Photo shows aerial view of wind turbines in Brandenburg, Germany. Photo: CLEW/Wettengel.
Photo: CLEW/Wettengel.

With its “CLEW Guide” series, the Clean Energy Wire newsroom and contributors from across Europe are providing journalists with a bird's-eye view of the climate-friendly transition from key countries and the bloc as a whole. You can also sign up to the weekly newsletter here to receive our "Dispatch from..." – weekly updates from Germany, France, Italy, Croatia, Poland and the EU on the need-to-know about the continent’s move to climate neutrality.



  1. Key background
  2. Major transition stories
  3. Sector overview


Key background

Graph shows Germany's greenhouse gas emissions by sector from 1990-2022. Graph: CLEW/Narawad.
Graph: CLEW/Narawad.

Major transition stories

Sector overview

Graph shows Germany's energy consumption by source 1990-2022. Graph: CLEW/Narawad.
Graph: CLEW/Narawad.






  • The sector is responsible for 8 percent of total GHG emissions (mainly methane from livestock farming, nitrous oxide as result of nitrogen fertilisation; excluding LULUCF).
  • Emissions have fallen by a quarter since 1990, in large parts in years after the German reunification, when livestock numbers were reduced.
  • Like everywhere in the world, the reduction of emissions in farming also depends on shifts in food consumption, often part of polarising debates when they require changes to personal lifestyles and traditional eating habits.

Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF)

Find an interviewee

Find an interviewee from Germany in the CLEW expert database. The list includes researchers, politicians, government agencies, NGOs and businesses with expertise in various areas of the transition to climate neutrality from across Europe.

Get in touch

As a Berlin-based energy and climate news service, we at CLEW have an almost ten-year track record of supporting high-quality journalism on Germany’s energy transition and Europe’s move to climate neutrality. For support on your next story, get in touch with our team of journalists.

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